|Arena in Verona|
It is the third largest Roman amphitheater after the Colosseum and the arena of Capua.
It can hold up to 20.000 people, which is thought to be the entire population of Verona in the first century AD, the period in which the construction of the monument.
Over time there have been several legends about the origin of the Arena: for a certain period in the Middle Ages is told that a gentleman of Verona, accused of a bloody crime for which he was sentenced to death, just to have saved his life promised city leaders that he would make in one night a huge building that would contain all the inhabitants of the city and where you could play shows: to fulfill the promise he promised his soul to the devil, who undertook to do the work in hours between the Hail Mary in the evening and the morning session. [...]
The night all the devils of hell are gathered in Verona to accomplish the work immense, but during the night the gentleman he repented of the promise he had made, why prayed to the Virgin Mary all night getting a grace: the sun rose two hours before, in the morning, the first note dell'Avemaria, return all underground leaving the building, although a good point, incomplete, hence it would be the origin of the Wing.
|View of Arena in Verona|
The Arena was built using the typical stone of the Valpolicella in all its shades of red and pink, like many monuments, suffered serious damage during the earthquake of 1117, which collapsed in the ring of the outer wall leaving those four rows of arches blocks, the so-called wing of the Arena, which still characterize the building.
Many of the stones that formed the outer ring, all in stone and richly decorated, were used for the construction of new buildings.
It isn't difficult to discern finely worked stone blocks from the Arena, in the walls of Romanesque buildings of the city center.
In the Venetian time around the sixteenth century, the Arena was restored, which is why today it is in such good conditions of storage and use, since 1913 every year it takes place the famous opera festival, which is the amphitheater Verona the largest opera house in the world.
The Arena, thanks to an elliptic shape, has perfect acoustics, which allows the voice of opera singers and music, to spread perfectly on the inside, so there is no need of amplification systems. Amplification which instead use is made of the numerous concerts and other events that are held every year in the Arena.
|Opera in Arena|
The amphitheatres were in fact the place where the ancient Romans used to watch gladiator fights and other bloody spectacles.
The Arena name means "sand", and derives from the sand on the bottom of the amphitheater and who had the task of absorbing the blood of the combatants.
It is unclear, however, if you have ever performed at the Arena naval battles, the fighting of ships carried out in the amphitheatres that were filled with water for the occasion.